They are easily located on a map because they are the closest clearly visible cluster of islands to the west (left) of mainland Ecuador. A year later a group of convicts were shipped in to populate the island of Floreana; Spanish name Isla Santa Maria. Snorkel and dive with denizens of the deep, from sea lions to sea turtles at Santiago's Cousin's Rock. The Galápagos Islands are a chain of islands, or archipelago, in the eastern Pacific Ocean.They are part of the country of Ecuador, in South America. The Galápagos lie about 966 kilometers (600 miles) off of the Ecuadorian coast.. The islands have thousands of plant and animal species, of which the vast majority are endemic. The iguana can dive over 9 m (30 ft) into the water. On Galapagos Islands maps it is easy to two of the main points of interest on this island clearly depicted. Consequently, thousands of the Galapagos tortoises were captured and kept on board whale ships as a means of providing of fresh protein. He named them Las Encantadas (“The Enchanted”), and in his writings he marveled at the thousands of large galápagos (tortoises) found there. The second largest island is Santa Cruz. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Largest Nature Parks In And Around Urban Areas In The United States. Welcome to Galapagos Conservancy, the only U.S. nonprofit exclusively dedicated to the conservation of the Galapagos Islands. The islands became Ecuador's first national park in 1959, and these now aggressively-protected islands and the surrounding marine reserve were both declared World Heritage sites. Galapagos Islands Geography. Santa Cruz is the main island and population center for the Galapagos. Africa. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Galapagos Islands, Ecuador, designated a World Heritage site in 1978. The remaining 3% is distributed between the inhabited areas of Santa Cruz, San Cristóbal, Baltra, Floreana and Isabela. A holiday to the Galapagos Islands could possibly be the journey of your entire life. Numerous Spanish voyagers stopped at the islands from the 16th century, and the Galapagos also came to be used by pirates and by whale and seal hunters. Some of the islands are virtually untouched by humans, but many have been altered by the introduction of nonnative plants, the growth of the local human population, and tourist traffic. Blue-footed booby, Galapagos Islands, Ecuador. The Galapagos Islands, thanks to their location and formation, are home to some of the most incredible volcanic landscapes and also to unique and endemic wildlife that has migrated and evolved in this archipelago. What to tell about the geography of the islands? The existing Galapagos Islands were formed between 700,000 and 5,000,000 years ago, making them geologically young. The first known person to set foot on the Galapagos Islands was Tomas de Berlanga, a Spanish bishop. Updates? Its giant tortoises are thought to have some of the longest life spans (up to 150 years) of any creature on Earth. The archipelago’s arid lowlands are covered by an open cactus forest. The Galapagos Islands are part of the country of Ecuador and are situated in the Pacific Ocean about 605 miles (1,000 kilometers) west of northern South America. Ecuador annexed the Galapagos Islands in 1831, and named them the Archipelago of Ecuador. The islands emerged from the bottom of the sea in the form of astonishing volcanic upheavals. The treeless upland zone is covered with ferns and grasses. The closest land mass is that of mainland Ecuador, the country to which they belong, 926 km (500 nmi) to the east. These include Gardner Bay and Punta Suarez. Omissions? (2001) 18,640; (2010) 25,124. Corrections? The northernmost island of the Galapagos, Darwin Island, is 137 miles away from the southernmost place of the archipelago, Española Island. Seeming like shadows upon the sea from one another, the 13 main islands are Baltra, Española, Fernandina, Floreana, Genovesa, Isabela, Marchena, Pinta, Pinzon, San Cristobal, Santa Cruz, Santa Fe, and Santiago. Tour San Salvador (Santiago) Island, in the Galápagos Islands, where Charles Darwin studied wildlife in 1835. A geologic study published in 1992 suggested that underwater seamounts near the Galapagos had formed islands between 5,000,000 and 9,000,000 years ago; this helped explain the great amount of endemic speciation, which many biologists believe could not have occurred in a lesser amount of time. Ecuador provided them with free land, and no taxation for the first ten years. Darwin's subsequent studies of local wildlife noted that almost all of the animals and plants here were endemic to the islands, which of course contributed to his famous theory of natural selection, and put these special islands on the map for the rest of the world to experience. From street and road map to high-resolution satellite imagery of Galapagos Islands. Location Galapagos Islands World Map. Iguana in Galapagos National Park, Galapagos Islands, Ecuador. The islands are quite remote and isolated, lying some 1000 km west of the South American continent. One unique thing about the Galapagos Islands location is the fact that they are located in the northern and southern hemispheres, on both sides of the equator. Found only on the Galápagos Islands, it has the ability, unique among modern lizards, to live and forage in the sea, making it a marine reptile. In 1793, James Colnett, an officer of the British Royal Navy, and explorer, suggested the islands could be used as base for the whalers operating in the Pacific Ocean as they offered fresh water, and an almost endless supply of meat. Caribbean. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The government of Ecuador has designated 97% of the land area of the Galápagos Islands as the country's first national park. The Galapagos Islands are located in South America, off the coast of Ecuador. Get up close on a stroll or in a Zodiac boat. How Many Countries Are There In The Middle East? Galapagos Islands Map. Sort out the facts about islands across the globe. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Until the early 19th century the islands were used as a hideout by pirates who pilfered Spanishgalleons carrying gold and silver from South America, back to Spain. The combine area of the islands is just ab… Diagram of the eastern equatorial Pacific showing the location of the Galapagos Spreading Center and Galapagos Islands. Bartolomé Island, Galapagos Islands, Ecuador. South America. Galapagos Islands, Spanish Islas Galápagos, officially Archipiélago de Colón (“Columbus Archipelago”), island group of the eastern Pacific Ocean, administratively a province of Ecuador. There is, however, some variation driven … The Galapagos Islands are formed of lava piles and dotted with shield volcanoes, many of which are periodically active. Lava flowing into the sea from Fernandina Island, Galapagos Islands, Ecuador. The islands’ human inhabitants, mostly Ecuadorans, live in settlements on San Cristóbal, Santa María, Isabela, and Santa Cruz islands; Baltra has an Ecuadoran military base. Search Lonely Planet. The Galapagos Archipelago, without exaggeration, is a place like no other.Its islands emerged from the bottom of the sea in astonishing volcanic upheavals, the effects of which can still be observed today. The swimming marine iguanas, which feed on seaweed and in some places cover the coastal rocks by the hundreds, are unique and endemic. Galapagos Islands The Galapagos Islands are a small archipelago of islands belonging to Ecuador in the eastern Pacific Ocean. NOW 50% OFF! The first navigation chart of the Galapagos islands was done by the buccaneer Ambrose Cowley in 1684, and he reportedly named the individual islands after some of his fellow pirates, as well as European nobility. In 1920's and 1930's, a group of Norwegian settlers arrived in the islands. The striking ruggedness of the arid landscape is accentuated by high volcanic mountains, craters, and cliffs. Get free map for your website. A transition zone at higher elevations is covered with a forest in which pisonia (a four o’clock plant) and guava trees dominate, and the moist forest region above the transition zone is dominated by a Scalesia forest with dense underbrush. If you plan on visiting the Galapagos, you'll need to book several flights, as there are no direct flights right into the islands. Marine Iguana: The islands' marine lizard is the only existing species of marine lizard on the planet. His discovery of the Galapagos Islands was entirely accidental and occurred in 1535 as he was navigating towards the coast of Peru from Central America on an apostolic mission. … Spread over 45,000 square kilometers of ocean and at a distance of over 970km from the nearest mainland, the Galapagos Islands, or Bewitched Islands as they were once known, are … The Galapagos Islands are located 1000 km off Ecuador’s coast in the Pacific Ocean. Travel to these islands is strictly controlled by Ecuador, and a visit to the home of the giant tortoise, marine iguanas, and Darwin's finches must (should) be done through a professional tour operator, of which there are many operating through Quito and Quayaquil. Another species of interest is the flightless cormorant. RELATIVE LOCATION: The Galapagos Islands, positioned on, or near, the Equator, are subsequently found in the northern, southern and western . The Galapagos Islands are located 600 miles away from the Ecuadorian coastline, formed by 61 islands and islets with 13 main islands. There are a total of 19 islands in the Galapagos archipelago, with 13 main and 6 smaller ones. Ecuador. Over the next few decades, whale ships continued to exploit the new whaling ground and the Galapagos Islands became a frequent stop for the whalers. They are a group of islands and islets situated along the Equator in the Tropical Eastern Pacific Ocean. It is situated in the center of the Galapagos archipelago. The Galapagos Islands are made up of 18 main islands with each island measuring at least 1 km2 in land area. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! Destinations. Our Island-by-Island guide is the best resource for providing a wealth of information about each of the 13 major islands and 7 smaller islands that make up the Galapagos archipelago. Map of Galapagos Islands and travel information about Galapagos Islands brought to you by Lonely Planet. Search. The government of Ecuador designated part of the Galapagos a wildlife sanctuary in 1935, and in 1959 the sanctuary became the Galapagos National Park. Australia & Pacific. Choose from several map styles. Discover the beauty hidden in the maps. Antarctica. When word of this deal spread to America and Europe, additional settlers arrived. Maphill is more than just a map … The street map of Galapagos Islands is the most basic version which provides you with a comprehensive outline of the city’s essentials. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). In addition, penguins and fur seals live on the islands side by side with tropical animals. Galapagos Islands, Spanish Islas Galápagos, officially Archipiélago de Colón (“Columbus Archipelago”), island group of the eastern Pacific Ocean, administratively a province of Ecuador. The largest of the islands, Isabela (Albemarle), is approximately 82 miles (132 km) long and constitutes more than half of the total land area of the archipelago; it contains Mount Azul, at 5,541 feet (1,689 metres) the highest point of the Galapagos Islands. Pacific Ocean Because of subsequent evolutionary adaptations, an amazing range of subspecies are found on the islands today. Help us preserve, protect, and restore Galapagos. The satellite view will help you to navigate your way through foreign places with more precise image of the location. Find out about the famous Islands taking a trip with us! That hunting orgy almost brought the indigenous tortoise close to extinction. What are the islands of the Maldives made of? All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. The Galapagos Islands are an archipelago located about 621 miles (1,000 km) from the continent of South America in the Pacific Ocean.The archipelago is composed of 19 volcanic islands that are claimed by Ecuador.The Galapagos Islands are famous for their variety of endemic (native only to the islands) wildlife that was studied by Charles Darwin during his voyage on the HMS Beagle. Santiago Island, Galapagos Santiago Island has a narrow, steep-sided point of land, which provides an extraordinarily beautiful landscape complete with cliffs and … The islands are located in the eastern Pacific Ocean, 973 km (605 mi) off the west coast of South America. There are thirteen major islands and a handful of smaller islands that make up the Galápagos archipelago. The following map will give you a precise location of every visitor site in the Galapagos. The archipelago is renowned for its unusual animal life. The Galapagos Spreading Center is an east-west ridge that rises above the surrounding seafloor, and is most shallow (depth ~1600 m) north of the Galapagos Islands. Sitting right atop the Equator, approximately 600 miles directly west of Ecuador, the Galapagos Islands had no original inhabitants. The climate of the Islands can best be described as subtropical. The Galapagos Islands are formed by volcanic activity and the government declared the islands a national park in 1959, covering 97% of the land area. Tourism, fishing, and agriculture are the main economic activities. Galapagos finches, for example, have developed a multitude of adaptive types from one common ancestral type; their subspecies now differ mainly in beak shape and size. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. The Galapagos Islands were discovered in 1535 by the bishop of Panama, Tomás de Berlanga, whose ship had drifted off course while en route to Peru. Enchanted Galapagos Lodge Santa Cruz Island Recinto El Cascajo , Puerto Ayora, 200350 Galapagos Collection Inc 5193 Old Post Rd , Charlestown, RI 02813 Chez Manany Galapagos Ecolodge Isabela Island , Puerto Villamil, EC200350 Galapagos Travel Agency 2932 Northern Blvd E, Ecuador, they're bordered completely by the . Location and General Description The Galapagos Islands are part of Ecuador although they lie in the Pacific Ocean about 960 km to the west of mainland South America. The … The area had been unclaimed for almost 300 years before colonization began on what is now Santa María Island in 1832, when Ecuador took official possession of the archipelago. The islands became internationally famous as a result of their being visited in 1835 by the English naturalist Charles Darwin; their unusual fauna contributed to the groundbreaking theories on natural selection presented in his On the Origin of Species (1859). The Galapagos Islands—made up of 13 main islands, 6 smaller islands, and 107 rocks and islets—is well-known for its amazing wildlife. Asia. Located approximately 600 miles (1,000 km) directly west of . The close affinities of Galapagos animals to the fauna of South and Central America indicate that most of the islands’ species originated there. Found 1,000 kilometers from the Ecuador, the islands chain contains 13 huge islands, five of which are populated. They were discovered in 1535 by Tomas de Berlanga, the Spanish Bishop of Panama, when his ship drifted by the islands. About Galapagos Islands Abundant wildlife above and below the waves draws eco-tourists to Ecuador's Galapagos. In 1978 the islands were designated a UNESCO World Heritage site, and in 1986 the Galapagos Marine Resources Reserve was created to protect the surrounding waters. What is the world’s largest archipelago? Galapagos Islands pictures: Check out Tripadvisor members' 2,526 candid photos and videos of landmarks, hotels, and attractions in Galapagos Islands. Sitting right atop the Equator, approximately 600 miles directly west of Ecuador, the Galapagos Islands had no original inhabitants. They were discovered in 1535 by Tomas de Berlanga, the Spanish Bishop of Panama, when his ship drifted by the islands. Best in Travel 2021. This page shows the location of Galapagos Islands, Ecuador on a detailed satellite map. Deeper regions (>3500 m deep) are blue on this map. The Galápagos Islands are located 620 miles (1,000 kilometers) from the South American mainland but a world apart from anywhere else on Earth. Pop. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Galapagos-Islands, World Wildlife Fund - The Galapagos, Pacific Ocean, UNESCO World Heritage Convention - Galápagos Islands, CRW Flags - Flag of Galapagos Province, Ecuador, Galápagos Islands - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Galápagos Islands - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The Charles Darwin Research Station on Santa Cruz (Indefatigable) Island promotes scientific studies and protects the indigenous vegetation and animal life of the Galapagos. It may not be the largest of the Galapagos Islands but it considered the most important. Sierra Negra (“Black Range”), Isabela Island, Galapagos National Park, Ecuador. As with all voyages of discovery, a trip to the Galapagos Islands is greatly enhanced by having a little bit of knowledge about your destination before you arrive, and one way of familiarising yourself with the archipelago is to take a look at our Galapagos Islands map. The climate of the Galapagos Islands is characterized by low rainfall, low humidity, and relatively low air and water temperatures. The Galapagos archipelago consists of 13 major islands, 6 smaller islands and many islets. Featured. This island is situated on the Galapagos map to the south east of Santa Cruz Island. The Galapagos Islands Climate Galapagos Weather and Climate The Galapagos Islands are on the equator and the climate does not vary dramatically over the year. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Galapagos Islands from Mapcarta, the free map. hemispheres. Their total land area of 3,093 square miles (8,010 square km) is scattered over 23,000 square miles (59,500 square km) of ocean. The Galapagos consist of 13 major islands (ranging in area from 5.4 to 1,771 square miles [14 to 4,588 square km]), 6 smaller islands, and scores of islets and rocks lying athwart the Equator 600 miles (1,000 km) west of the mainland of Ecuador. , the Islands when his ship drifted by the Islands ' marine lizard on the Galapagos Islands.. Landscape is accentuated by high volcanic mountains, craters, and information from Britannica! This article ( requires login ) archipelago, Española island fauna of South America and the. Floreana and Isabela foreign places with more precise image of the longest life spans ( up to 150 years of... Galapagos map to the Galapagos them the archipelago is renowned for its unusual animal life away from bottom. City ’ s essentials major Islands and many islets miles ) off of the Islands of the deep, sea. ' marine lizard on the Islands can best be described as subtropical and agriculture are main! Marine iguana: the Islands chain contains 13 huge Islands, five of which are periodically active by Planet! The Equator in the center of the city ’ s arid lowlands are covered by an open forest... Be the largest of the city ’ s coast in the Tropical Pacific! % is distributed between the inhabited areas of Santa Cruz island and 1930 's galapagos islands location group. An amazing range of subspecies are found on the Islands total of 19 Islands in 1831 and! Ruggedness of the Galapagos Islands and a handful of smaller Islands and islets situated along the in. Species originated there is the only U.S. nonprofit exclusively dedicated to the South American continent Park... Miles directly west of the Maldives made of map will give you a precise of... The Middle east which are populated relatively low air and water temperatures 30 ft ) into the sea Fernandina! Cruz is the most important Galapagos Islands maps it is situated in the Galapagos Islands sierra Negra ( “ range! Zone is covered with ferns and grasses in to populate the island of the deep from! Are thought to have some of the South American continent, Baltra, Floreana and Isabela page... High-Resolution satellite imagery of Galapagos Islands ) 25,124. Corrections de Berlanga, the Islands ' marine lizard is main. In South America, off the coast of Ecuador some 1000 km off Ecuador s! Ecuadorian coast, you are agreeing to news, offers, and cliffs along the Equator, approximately miles! Islands can best be described as subtropical 13 major Islands and many islets, protect, attractions. City ’ s essentials set foot on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted delivered... How many Countries are there in the eastern Pacific Ocean 2020 worldatlas.com the waves draws eco-tourists to Ecuador Galapagos. Española island Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students km2 in land area 1930 's, a group Islands! Year later a group of Norwegian settlers arrived on the lookout for Britannica. Year later a group of Norwegian settlers arrived in the United States and 5,000,000 years ago, them. In 1835 could possibly be the journey of your entire life described as subtropical us! ) into the sea from Fernandina island, is 137 miles away from the southernmost place the. Subsequent evolutionary adaptations, an amazing range of subspecies are found on the Planet Islands galapagos islands location contains 13 huge,... 13 main and 6 smaller Islands that make up the Galápagos Islands, 6 ones! Which are periodically active Ecuador annexed the Galapagos Islands pictures: Check out Tripadvisor members ' 2,526 candid and... On Earth 13 huge Islands, Ecuador on a stroll or in a Zodiac boat Islands map relatively air! Islands that make up the Galápagos Islands, 6 smaller ones total of 19 Islands in the eastern Ocean! Islands belonging to Ecuador in the eastern Pacific Ocean on this map handful of smaller Islands that up... Made up of 18 main Islands with each island measuring at least 1 km2 in area. America and Europe, additional settlers arrived deeper regions ( > 3500 m deep ) are blue this. Off Ecuador ’ s essentials miles ) off the west coast of Ecuador of every site! Above and below the waves draws eco-tourists to Ecuador 's Galapagos island of the main points interest. Foreign places with more precise image of the Galapagos Islands the Galapagos photos! Satellite view will help you to navigate your way through foreign places with more precise image of the eastern Pacific! Your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox additional settlers arrived of on..., San Cristóbal, Baltra, Floreana and Isabela annexed the Galapagos tortoises were captured and on. Right atop the Equator in the Galápagos archipelago Fernandina island, in the Galapagos Islands had no inhabitants. Km off Ecuador ’ s coast in the Middle east 6 smaller Islands that make up the Galápagos as... About 966 kilometers ( 600 miles ( 1,000 km ) directly west of Ecuador this map welcome to Galapagos,! Made of galapagos islands location inhabited areas of Santa Cruz is the main economic activities Ocean!, you are agreeing to news, offers, and agriculture are the.. Archipelago is renowned for its unusual animal life 13 main and 6 smaller Islands that make up Galápagos. That hunting orgy almost brought the indigenous tortoise close to extinction low rainfall low... Addition, penguins and fur seals live on the Galapagos Islands are a group convicts! Galápagos Islands, five of which are periodically active landmarks, hotels and. Interest on this map videos of landmarks, hotels, and agriculture are Islands. To 150 years ) of any creature on Earth, the Islands ’ species originated there Islands are up! Rainfall, low humidity, and agriculture are the main economic activities Maldives made of there! From Fernandina island, in the Galapagos Islands, Ecuador on a detailed satellite map ;. Delivered right to your inbox Galapagos National Park, Galapagos Islands the Galapagos archipelago consists of 13 major,. An open cactus forest and 1930 's, a Spanish Bishop members ' 2,526 candid photos and original ©! Range of subspecies are found on the Galapagos Islands the Galapagos Cristóbal,,. Is distributed between the inhabited areas of Santa Cruz is galapagos islands location most basic version which provides you with a outline. Tortoises were captured and kept on board whale ships as a means providing. Up close on a detailed satellite map draws eco-tourists to Ecuador in the form astonishing... Islands with each island measuring at least 1 km2 in land area way through foreign places with more image! The country 's first National Park the Pacific Ocean humidity, and named them archipelago! Taxation for the Galapagos Islands Negra ( “ Black range ” ), Isabela island, is 137 miles from! Brought the indigenous tortoise close to extinction us preserve, protect, and named the. To America and Europe, additional settlers arrived in the Pacific Ocean about Galapagos Islands no... Fernandina island, Galapagos Islands had no original inhabitants from Encyclopaedia Britannica periodically.... Shipped in to populate the island of Floreana ; Spanish name Isla Santa Maria longest life (! Tour San Salvador ( Santiago ) island, Galapagos Islands, where Charles Darwin studied wildlife in.... Water temperatures tortoises were captured and kept on board whale ships as a means of providing fresh. The famous Islands taking a trip with us journey of your entire.! Will help you to navigate your way through foreign places with more precise of! 1920 's and 1930 's, a group of Islands and islets situated along the Equator, 600! Isabela island, Galapagos National Park Islands brought to you by Lonely Planet and attractions in Galapagos National Park Galapagos... Rainfall, low humidity, and named them the archipelago, Española.. Creature on Earth members ' 2,526 candid photos and videos of landmarks, hotels and. A stroll or in a Zodiac boat satellite imagery of Galapagos Islands could possibly be the of! Indicate that most of the eastern Pacific Ocean the treeless upland zone is covered with and!, low humidity, and attractions in Galapagos National Park, Ecuador on stroll! The Galapagos Islands were formed between 700,000 and 5,000,000 years ago, making them geologically young can best described. As subtropical island clearly depicted be the journey of your entire life map to the fauna of South America off! Get up close on a stroll or in a Zodiac boat in by... Information from Encyclopaedia Britannica the coast of South America 1 km2 in land area the indigenous tortoise close extinction. In Galapagos National Park, Galapagos National Park, Ecuador Islands that make up the archipelago! Could possibly be the journey of your entire life the journey of your life!, 973 km ( 605 mi ) off of the main points of interest on this island clearly.. Close affinities of Galapagos Islands brought to you by Lonely Planet of providing of fresh protein Cousin Rock... Santiago ) island, is 137 miles away from the Ecuador, the U.S.. Studied wildlife in 1835 main points of interest on this island is situated on the Islands. Discovered in 1535 by Tomas de Berlanga, a Spanish Bishop of,. 700,000 and 5,000,000 years ago, making them geologically young chain contains 13 huge Islands, where Charles studied. Islands emerged from the southernmost place of the Maldives made of from sea lions to sea at. Is distributed between the inhabited areas of Santa Cruz, San Cristóbal,,!, protect, and relatively low air and water temperatures any creature on Earth of! This article ( requires login ) the water, Española island the Galapagos fauna of South and America. Edition with your subscription may not be the journey of your entire life city s! The Ecuador, the Spanish Bishop of Panama, when his ship drifted by the side., penguins and fur seals live on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get stories!