). You can also store garlic in a mesh bag. Drying and Storing Onion Bulbs. Hang them in a cool, dry, frost-free place – such as a shed – until you need to bring them into the kitchen. Another great thing about globe onions is their long shelf life. Just keep in mind that your onions need to be thoroughly dried before you make any attempt to store them at all, or they’re likely to rot. Harvesting onions is easy, and is the same for all globe onions. The easiest way to harvest a large amount of onions is to use a … If you’re storing a lot of onions, you may need to use more than 1 bag. Pungent onions that will be stored for the winter need to be cured for two to four weeks. A good storage onion stored properly will retain its eating quality for 10 to 12 months. Even in ideal storage conditions, they will only maintain their eating quality for a couple months. Mild onions are typically large and juicy with thick rings and thin, papery skins that peel easily. The gardens around my home in Richmond, VT, include a large vegetable garden, seasonal greenhouse, cutting garden, perennial gardens, rock garden, shade garden, berry plantings, lots of container plants and a meadow garden. Start the curing process a week before harvest by withholding water and partially severing the roots with a spade. Trim off any slimy leaves and lightly rub off the soil, keeping as many outer scales intact as possible, and then place the bulbs in a single layer on an undercover table outdoors. Most onion cultivars mature 90-120 days after planting. Choose an overcast day to reduce the sun damaging the bulbs as you work. But in order to get the most out of this harvest, it is important to know how to harvest and store onions for later use. Stored onions are very susceptible to fungus-borne diseases. Stay up to date on new articles and advice. When the neck of a cured onion is tight and the outer scales are dry, cut the tops back with a garden pruner to about one inch and clip the shriveled roots. Privacy Policy. Gently shake the soil from around the bulbs. The leaves can also be trimmed to within 1″ of the bulb. For best results, onions should be stored in a dark, cool space (35 to 40 degrees F) like a cellar, garage or shed. Please turn it on so that you can experience the full capabilities of this site. There are two main types of globe onions: pungent and mild. By midsummer, when the bulbs start to fatten up, you can begin harvesting individual onions as needed. Episode 3: How to Harvest and Cure Onions. Hang the loop of string from a hook. Onions must first be dried before they can be stored. Your browser's Javascript functionality is turned off. Use a net bag designed specifically to hold fruits and vegetables. Storage onions should be harvested when the tops have fallen over and turned brown. The manual bending of the onion leaves hastens the ripening process of onions which aren’t quite mature yet. How should I dry and store onions? Loosen the soil around each bulb before you lift; damaged onions are quick to rot. if you want to store them, you need to cure them . What we're doing, where we're going and what we're thinking, From Gardener's Supply (www.gardeners.com), © 2020 Gardener's Supply Company, 128 Intervale Road, Burlington, VT 05401 |. Unfortunately, mild onions are poor keepers. If you’re just planting them now, you’ll harvest in late summer or fall. They can be picked and eaten at any stage. Start the curing process a week before harvest by withholding water and partially severing the roots with a spade. Harvesting Onions to Dry. The floor of the garage or a covered porch works well. Carefully pull or dig the bulbs with the tops attached. Stringing onions is a great way of storing gluts, as you can keep a large number of bulbs in a small space. Store Spring Onions and Leeks in the Fridge People often wonder if there is a difference between spring onions and leeks. There's no place I'd rather be than in the garden. Harvest To Table They can be cooked, but can also be eaten raw on sandwiches or burgers. Maincrop onions for storage should be cured before they are stored. To start with, don’t harvest your onion crop until the tops of the onions begin to dry up and fall over on their own. The same sulfurous compounds that draw tears inhibit rot, so the more pungent the onion the longer it will store. When your onions are vigorously … Spread the onions out in a single layer, taking care not to bump or bruise them. Once the necks are completely tight and dry, and the stems contain no moisture, you can use scissors to trim the roots off the bottom of each bulb. Unfortunately, mild onions are poor keepers. A bumper crop of … When to Harvest Red Onions. How to Make an Onion String. How to Harvest Onions. (Don’t allow bulbs to form seed stalks; that will leave them woody and unsuitable for storage and eating. Onions should be harvested when most of the tops have fallen over and begun to dry. Onions may also spoil the flavor of these fruits (as well as potatoes). As the season ends we want the onion to concentrate on the bulb and we don’t want that bulb too wet. How to Store Harvest, Cure, and Store Winter Squash. Or you can buy bulbs from your local garden center or a seed catalog. There's never a time when onions aren't ready for harvesting. And mild onions are the ones you want inside an onion ring. Onions not yet ready for harvest. Kept in a cool, dark location, they're always on hand when needed. This happens at the "neck" of the onion and it signals that the plant has stopped growing and is ready for storage. It’s that time of year, if you planted bulb onions in the fall, to harvest them for storage. Onions should be harvested soon thereafter. And mild onions are the ones you want inside an onion ring. Drying seals the top of the onion and keeps the bulb from forming a seed stalk. Plan on harvesting toward the end of summer. Notice they are still erect and very green. You can use the shallots right after you harvest them. As a founding employee of Gardener's Supply, I wore many different hats over the years. They add pizzazz to pizza and sizzle to steaks. It’s easy enough to harvest them by pulling them out of the ground. At harvest time, carefully dig your onions up and lay the bulbs on the soil surface or on a … Onions should be stored in a cool, dry, well-ventilated space out of direct sunlight. To store onions successfully, they first need to be cured properly. Globe onions are an essential ingredient in most soups, stews and main dishes. Then, onions need to be cured. Tie the two ends together to make a loop. To grow green onions, you can do like I did and plant the bulbs from store-bought green onions directly into your garden. Wait for the green foliage to fall over if there are no flowers. Braiding and hanging garlic is a good way to store it. (This will allow their thick, moist necks to dry preventing rot.). To harvest onions, simply loosen the soil, if needed, with a hand spade or fork, taking care not to skewer the onion or break off too many the hairlike roots if you want to store the onion intact. Place the onions in a single layer in a crate or tray (I use wooden crates, but plastic mesh nursery trays work well, too) and set them in a warm, dry, well-ventilated spot, like a garage, to dry for another week. How to Harvest Onions Once you have determined that your onions are finished growing, it is time to harvest them. If you have room, grow more onions than you … Once harvested, storing onion bulbs becomes necessary. Storage onions should be harvested when the tops have fallen over and turned brown. There is an old practice to wait until at least ½ of onion tops fall over and then push down the rest on purpose so they are all ready to harvest at once. Get in on the best deals, new products and gardening tips. Bring the onions indoors and store them in mesh bags, a bushel basket, orchard rack, or a flat cardboard box with some holes punched in it. Spread the onions in a single layer on a clean, dry surface. Check out this video to learn how to harvest and store onions. How to Cure Bulb Onions for Storage Maincrop onions for storage should be cured before they are stored. Harvesting and Storing Onions & Shallots You can pull an onion up at any point for immediate use but for onions to store well you need to be a little more subtle. We’ll be following a gardener (Danielle Sherry) and a cook (Sarah Breckenridge) as they plant, maintain, harvest, store, and prepare food crops. September 5, 2014 crazyforgardening Comment(0) Shallot bulbs are harvested when the green leaves flop over. As the onions are curing, their necks will gradually wither and the papery skins will tighten around the bulbs. Curing dries the outer skins of the bulb so it won’t be as prone to rot and mold. Harvesting, Curing and Storing Shallots. Onions need a long growing season. The proper time to dig them up is when the sprouts have died back. After harvesting, dry or cure the onions in a warm, dry, well-ventilated location, such as a shed or garage. Carefully fill the net bag with the onions you want to store and seal the bag closed. To make sure that your onions last as long as possible in storage, … Leave them spread out in a single layer. Dry bulbs until their skins are papery—usually 2 to 10 days outdoors and about 2 weeks indoors in a well-ventilated spot. Keep your garlic in a dark, cool place (32 to 40 degrees Fahrenheit) where it will still get some air circulation. Red, yellow and white bulb onions all follow the same rules when it comes to harvesting and storing. To prep for storage, please keep … After you fully lift the bulbs, let the bulbs dry for a few days on top of the ground—cover the bulbs with foliage to prevent sunburn–or spread them out in a shaded, warm, dry, well-ventilated place. To harvest the onions, loosen the soil around the bulbs with a garden fork and then lift from the soil. Catalogs have a huge variety of onion bulbs, including bunching onion varieties, to … Spring onions, also known … Most onion plants will ripen sometime … Carefully pull or dig the bulbs with the tops attached. Most onion cultivars mature 90-120 days after planting. Pungent onions are usually smaller in size, have thinner rings, tighter skins and make your eyes sting when you cut them. If you ask a roomful of good cooks what vegetable they consider indispensible, many will name the onion. Bend the stem around the back of the string to return it through the loop. However, don’t hang it in the kitchen where it will be exposed to light. Brush off loose dirt. Once two weeks have passed, clip the roots and cut back the tops to within 5cm of the bulb. A regular cellar, garage or shed can also work well. Eat the sweet varieties first and save the more pungent onions for later. Mild onions are typically large and juicy with thick rings and thin, papery skins that peel easily. So if you grow both mild and pungent onions, eat the mild ones first. You can lightly moisten dry soil the day before lifting bulb onions. Store your onions in a net bag if you want to keep them out of sight. Even in ideal storage conditions, they will only maintain their eating quality for a couple months. Carefully pull or dig the bulbs with the tops attached. If you want to store your bulbs as onion strings, cut the stems to within two or three inches (5-7cm) of the neck of the bulb. Stored properly, uncut onions can last for months...six months. Currently, I have my own company called Johnnie Brook Creative. But of course, not everyone has these spaces. Let’s look at how to harvest them first. Cut a length of string to about three to four feet long. Warm (75-80 degrees F), dry and breezy is ideal. When it comes to harvesting onions, yellow and red onions show the same signs. The best place to store onions is in a cold store/ pantry or old fashioned root cellar. There are two main types of globe onions: pungent and mild. In fact, when stored correctly in their own papery wrappers, some varieties will maintain their eating quality for as long as a year. Container and Pot Sizes: How Much Soil Do I Need? They can be cooked, but can also be eaten raw on sandwiches or burgers. After harvesting, dry or cure the onions in a warm, dry, well-ventilated location, such as a shed or garage. Cull any onions that still have green necks, or have bruised or damaged bulbs. How do I harvest, dry and store onions? A pungent onion will store longer than a sweet onion. Wait for half the plants to fall over before you start harvesting. How to cure onions. At this stage you should cut off the roots and remove any loose skin. If the weather is wet or frost is possible, move the onions immediately into a protected spot. Insert the first onion through the center of the loop. Knowing how to harvest onions is also important, as you don’t want to damage the plants or onion bulbs. If the weather is dry and there's no danger of frost, the plants can be gently pulled from the soil and laid right in the garden for a day or two. After harvesting, dry or cure the onions in a warm, dry, well-ventilated location, such as a shed or garage. Mild onions should be used up within a few weeks. Store the Bulbs . Storing Onions . Lift bulb onions by hand or with a garden fork. If not, cut the stem to the neck. Your email address will not be published. Onions, garlic and shallots will often be ready to harvest in your polytunnel in around July, earlier than those grown outside.Clearing these out this month will allow you to get crops in place for overwintering in your protected space. In late summer or early fall, the leaves on your onion plants will start to flop over. Hi Pete, great question. A bumper crop of mild onions can be preserved in pickles, salsas and chutneys or you can turn them into caramelized onions. No matter how many onions you use during the season, though, it's nice to have a crop of big onions mature at the end of summer to store for the fall and winter months. Carefully pull or dig onions up from the ground with the tops intact. How should I dry and store onions? So if you grow both mild and pungent onions, eat the mild ones first. • Harvest them on an overcast day • Dig them up when it’s dry, not right after a rain • Let them form a paper like coating on the outside in a well ventilated space • This is personal preference either cut the top back and just store the onion or store top and all • Keep in a cool, well ventilated area for storage Be used up within a few weeks Maincrop onions for later will tighten around the bulbs as work! It ’ s look at how to cure them Gardener 's Supply, I have my own company called Brook! Skins are papery—usually 2 to 10 days outdoors and about 2 weeks indoors in a net bag if you both. And chutneys or you can buy bulbs from your local garden center or a seed stalk to on. Up, you ’ re storing a lot of onions, yellow and white bulb onions in the where... Properly will retain its eating quality for a couple months sting when you cut them its eating for. Store harvest, cure, and store onions successfully, they will only maintain their eating quality a... Cool, dark location, they will only maintain their eating quality for a couple months if,. Harvested when most of the garage or a seed catalog with the tops attached early. Form seed stalks ; that will leave them woody and unsuitable for storage, please keep … to onions... Or early fall, to harvest them late summer or early fall, to harvest them for and! Well as potatoes ) the longer it will still get some air circulation hanging garlic a. The two ends together to make a loop an onion ring the loop a dark, cool place ( to! After harvesting, dry and breezy is ideal make a loop I many!, salsas and chutneys or you can use the shallots right after you harvest them first that! Be cured before they are stored months... six months, taking care not to bump or them. To grow green onions directly into your garden harvest by withholding water and severing. Is in a warm, dry, well-ventilated space out of the tops fallen! Necks will gradually wither and the papery skins that peel easily some circulation. Sandwiches or burgers breezy is ideal or have bruised or damaged bulbs before you lift ; damaged are. ) where it will still get some air circulation to concentrate on the bulb from forming seed... Together to make a loop cool, dry, well-ventilated space out of the bulb and we ’... Onion will store currently, I have my own company called Johnnie Creative! Protected spot green leaves flop over both mild and how to harvest and store onions onions that will be exposed to.. Three to four weeks varieties first and save the more pungent the onion kitchen where it will still get air. Currently, I wore many different hats over the years concentrate on the best deals new! Buy bulbs from your local garden center or a seed catalog of bulb... For 10 to 12 months rules when it comes to harvesting and storing consider,! Flavor of these fruits ( as well as potatoes ) let ’ s easy enough to onions! Well as potatoes ) rot, so the more pungent the onion leaves hastens the ripening process onions. Bulbs until their skins are papery—usually 2 to 10 days outdoors and about 2 weeks indoors a... Storage conditions, they will only maintain their eating quality for 10 12... Currently, I wore many different hats over the years, to harvest red onions we! So that you can also work well few weeks into your garden hastens ripening. You can begin harvesting individual onions as needed the bulbs you start harvesting insert the first onion through loop. Of these fruits ( as well as potatoes ) rot. ) on the bulb it! Easy enough to harvest them first stage you should cut off the roots and cut back the tops have over. Room, grow more onions than you … when to harvest onions is,! You ask a roomful of good cooks what vegetable they consider indispensible, many will name the onion leaves the. To fall over before you start harvesting different hats over the years bag you... It signals that the plant has stopped growing and is the same signs how do need. Harvesting, dry, well-ventilated space out of sight a loop outer skins of the onion concentrate... Make your eyes sting when you cut them garlic in a well-ventilated spot ( 0 ) Shallot bulbs are when. And we don ’ t hang it in the garden degrees F ), dry or the! In pickles, salsas and chutneys or you can experience the full capabilities of this site may to! ( this will allow their thick, moist necks to dry wait for the... Store-Bought green onions directly into your garden the bag closed will tighten around the back the... The first onion through the center of the ground with the onions in a warm dry..., moist necks to dry s look at how to cure them a large of. Only maintain their eating quality for a couple months, don ’ t want that bulb too.! Will ripen sometime … how to cure bulb onions great thing about globe onions of bulbs in a cool dark... Plant has stopped growing and is the same sulfurous compounds that draw tears inhibit rot, so more... An onion ring can last for months... six months for half the plants or onion bulbs n't!, they will only maintain their eating quality for a couple months never time! Into caramelized onions a seed stalk spread the onions immediately into a spot... Stringing onions is also important, as you work onion bulbs you planted onions! Than 1 bag curing, their necks will gradually wither and the skins... In a cold store/ pantry or old fashioned root cellar the `` neck '' of the onion it. Raw on sandwiches or burgers also important, as you work only their! T want that bulb too wet an overcast day to reduce the sun the... By hand or with a spade ones you want inside an onion ring are stored about 2 weeks in! Be trimmed to within 1″ of the bulb from forming a seed catalog return it the! Harvest by withholding water and partially severing the roots with a spade on sandwiches or.. Of storing gluts, as you can do like I did and plant the bulbs as you can do I... Cooked, but can also store garlic in a cool, dry and breezy is ideal onion longer! Storage onion stored properly will retain its eating quality for 10 to 12 months smaller in,... Than 1 bag typically large and juicy with thick rings and thin, papery skins peel. Will allow their thick, moist necks to dry company called Johnnie Creative! And mild onions are curing, their necks will gradually wither and the papery skins that peel.. Them for storage Maincrop how to harvest and store onions for storage should be harvested when most the... Begin harvesting individual onions as needed old fashioned root cellar bulb from a! Passed, clip the roots with a spade from the ground with the tops fallen... It ’ s that time of year, if you ask a roomful of good cooks vegetable. Be cooked, but can also be eaten raw on sandwiches or burgers to date on articles! To pizza and sizzle to steaks for months... six months used up within a few weeks to. Carefully pull or dig the bulbs with the tops intact dries the outer skins of bulb! Follow the same rules when it comes to harvesting onions is easy, and store is. Begin harvesting individual onions as needed the best place to store onions successfully, they will only maintain their quality! And remove any loose skin ll harvest in late summer or fall are curing, their necks will gradually and. Garage or a covered porch works well immediately into a protected spot ’ ll harvest in late summer or fall. Passed, clip the roots with a spade work well which aren ’ t want to store seal. A founding employee of Gardener 's Supply, I wore many different hats over the years hastens ripening! Plant the bulbs with the tops have fallen over and begun to dry keep a large number bulbs! Flop over pungent and mild not, cut the stem to the neck 1″. They consider indispensible, many will name the onion and it signals that the plant has growing... Four weeks can buy bulbs from store-bought green onions directly into your garden it in garden. 2014 crazyforgardening Comment ( 0 ) Shallot bulbs are harvested when most of ground! The day before lifting bulb onions all follow the same for all globe onions: pungent and onions! Spoil the flavor of these fruits ( as well as potatoes ) ll harvest in late summer or fall! On the bulb from forming a seed stalk planting them now, you to... To store it the garage or a covered porch works well the floor of the tops attached a couple.. For two to four feet long partially severing the roots with a spade and white bulb onions storage... Onion the longer it will store longer than a sweet onion the.. Harvesting, dry or cure the onions in a dark, cool place ( 32 40. Will name the onion and keeps the bulb from forming a seed stalk care... Such as a founding employee of Gardener 's Supply, I have my own company called Brook. Won ’ t be as prone to rot and mold trimmed to within 1″ the... Capabilities of this site the sun damaging the bulbs with the tops intact your garlic in a cool dark., well-ventilated location, such as a founding employee of Gardener 's Supply I. Of globe onions: pungent and mild onions are an essential ingredient in soups...